Causes, Symptoms, and Consequences of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease starts as a mild and reversible inflammation at the base of your gums called gingivitis. In most cases, the condition is related to poor oral hygiene practices. If not treated, the infection progresses to include the soft tissues and supporting bone that holds your teeth in place. Although gum disease is extremely commonplace, it is almost always preventable. Brushing your teeth thoroughly at least twice a day, flossing daily, and keeping your dental appointments is a great prevention plan.
The most common signs and symptoms of gingivitis or periodontitis include the following:
- Red or purple gums
- Swollen gums
- Bleeding gums
- Gum tenderness
- Receding gums
- New spaces between teeth
- Presence of pus between teeth and gums
- Changes in bite
- Loose teeth
- Bad breath or unpleasant taste in mouth
When bacteria-laden plaque forms on the surface of teeth, periodontal disease begins. While brushing and flossing remove plaque, it re-forms within 24 hours. If plaque stays on your teeth for more than two or three days, it hardens into tartar, which requires professional removal. The bacterial toxins in plaque and tartar irritate and inflame gum tissues. Eventually, deep pockets form between your teeth and gums, and these fill with bacteria, plaque, and tartar. As the infection advances under your gums, tissue and bone loss occurs. Although poor oral hygiene causes most cases of gum disease, other risk factors include smoking, hormonal changes in women, diabetes, depressed immune function, medications that reduce the flow of saliva, and genetic susceptibility.
Long-term consequences of untreated periodontal disease include early tooth loss and increased risk of serious medical problems like cardiovascular disease. To prevent them, practice consistent oral hygiene, visit your dentist in Capitol Heights regularly. Make an appointment immediately if your gums appear puffy and red, or bleed when you brush your teeth.
To learn about our family dentistry practice in Capitol Heights, call Dental One Associates at Steeplechase today at (240) 392-3983 or make an appointment.
Dental One Associates offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Capitol Heights. With 12 affiliated practices throughout Maryland, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Dental One Associates at Steeplechase, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Dental One Associates at Steeplechase.